|Painting, age 3. August, 1952. Photo by Paul Kaufman MD|
Born May 14, 1949 in Hollywood, California, to sculptor Verna Lebow, MFA, and surgeon Paul Kaufman, MD, Alicia grew up in a bi-lingual, intellectual, artistic, musical and politically active household.
|Almost 10. March, 1959. Photo by Paul Kaufman MD|
A passionate follower of her muse since early childhood, Alicia was influenced and acknowledged by three major figures in art, music and literature by her mid-teens. Her multi-instrumental music studies (piano, clarinet, guitar) lead her to learn open-tuned guitar improvisation from John Fahey, then married to Alicia’s cousin Janet Lebow.
A summer scholarship to Otis Art Institute enabled Alicia to study with Charles White III in 1965. While working as a graphic layout artist at the infamous Los Angeles Free Press in 1966, Alicia submitted a piece of writing that Joan Didion selected as the quintessential example of alternative press writing for an article titled “Alicia and the Underground Press” in her Points West column in the Saturday Evening Post.
In 1966, at age seventeen, after six weeks at San Francisco State College, Alicia began a productive career as a free-lance artist/writer/musician. She sang and played guitar at coffee houses in the Bay Area, wrote songs, drew reams of line drawings, worked occasionally as a cook, and attended a semester at Pacific Fashion Institute in San Francisco.
In 1967 she moved to the houseboats off Sausalito where she adopted collage artist Jean Varda as a mentor. At eighteen, she worked out of her own art studio in the Industrial Center Building in Sausalito, where she began creating a 5’x8’ fiber art wall hanging that was featured at the online Hippie Museum during the early 2000s, and, in 2010-2011, was featured in an exhibition organized by the San Jose Museum of Quilts and Textiles. She sold her handmade clothes and ceramics at the San Rafael Renaissance Pleasure Faire.
Alicia began preparing meals for her fellow artists living and working in Gate 5, Sausalito’s Industrial Center Building, using food about to be thrown out by the supermarket next door. She began writing a hand-lettered book of the recipes she invented around her harvests of scavenged food, titled “Living on Nothing.” Although she did not complete this book, it became the style and design laboratory for her next book, which is still popular 50 years later.
|Easter at Wheeler Ranch, 1970 (photo by Sylvia Clarke Hamilton). The instrument is a Fender electric bass neck on a 12 string guitar.|
At nineteen, Alicia moved to the Wheeler Ranch Commune in Sonoma County, California and began writing, illustrating and designing Living On The Earth, a handwritten guide to bohemian country living illustrated with line drawings, initially conceived as an informational pamphlet to share with fellow commune dwellers, based on advice gathered from friends at Wheeler Ranch.
Published in 1970 by The Bookworks in Berkeley, the book sold out its first edition of 10,000 copies in two weeks, in part due to a rave review in the Whole Earth Catalog. Bennett Cerf, then president and co-founder of Random House, purchased the rights to publish it for Random House.
The 1971 Random House Vintage Books edition sold over 350,000 copies, becoming the first paperback book ever on the New York Times Bestseller List. It was favorably reviewed in Time, New York Times Review of Books, Publishers Weekly, Library Journal, Christian Science Monitor, Look, and dozens of other publications, and Alicia was recognized as a Woman of the Year in 1971 by Mademoiselle Magazine.
Over the next three years she created seven other illustrated books, five of which were published by Soshisha, Ltd. in Japan. (Living on the Earth has remained in print continuously in Japanese since 1972, and Being of the Sun, first published in translation in 1974, was re-released by Soshisha in March 2007.) The ribbon surrounding the cover of Soshisha’s Living on the Earth bears these words from Japan’s poet laureate, Shuntaro Tanikawa: “I want to do everything in this book. If I cannot do everything in this book, then I want to dream about it, because if I do, I will become a better person to the marrow of my bones.”
In 1973, Alicia served as one of five judges in the Levi Strauss Denim Art Contest, along with fashion designer Rudi Gernreich, photographer Imogen Cunningham, fiber artist Candace Crockett, and the curator of the De Young Museum in San Francisco.
In 1974, Alicia went on a speaking tour in Japan as the guest of her publisher, Soshisha, Ltd. On her way back, she stopped on Maui, and stayed to learn traditional Hawaiian slack key guitar.
|Alicia dancing in Haleakala volcano, Maui, 1976. Photo by artist Andrew Annenberg|
Over her 30-year residence in Hawaii, Alicia studied Hawaiian music, worked as an underwater photographer, taught yoga, performed extensively as a vocalist/guitarist, had several one-woman art shows, taught art, music, writing and dance at two alternative schools, and illustrated books. In 1976 she created a public reading of her graphic novel, Earth & Aetherias, at the Maui Community Theatre, that included improvised music by the Jungle Lolo Jazz Band and a slide show of book’s illustrations. In 1983, she produced a series of illustrated ceramic pictures plates in collaboration with ceramic sculptor Will Herrera. From 1986 to 1988, she worked in a musical duet with folk and Hawaiian music player Wesley Furumoto, for which she created the vocal arrangements.
From 1988 to 1999, she produced over 3000 weddings as the owner/operator/founder of A Wedding Made In Paradise – Maui, where she also functioned as event and floral designer and wedding musician. The company was featured on Good Morning America in March 1993, and in half a dozen books on weddings and Hawaii travel during the 1990s.
In 1999 she sold the wedding company, produced a CD of her original psych folk songs from the late ‘60s and early ‘70s, Music From Living on the Earth, and toured the USA for eight months with 75 performances of Living on the Earth: The Musical, an original one-woman show featuring autobiographical comedy stories and original songs, to promote both the CD and the 30th Anniversary (revised) Edition of Living on the Earth (Villard/Random House 2000). The CD garnered an Album Pick on allmusic.com. (Random House has kept the Vintage/Random House second edition of Living on the Earth in print continuously since 1971 in a hardcover library edition, primarily used as an historic document by university libraries.)
In 2001, following the tour, she produced a second CD, this one of original and historic Hawaiian songs, Living in Hawaii Style, toured it in Hawaii and California, got radio airplay in both states, and headlined at the Big Island Slack Key Guitar Festival in 2002. Both CDs were released in Japan by EM Records in September 2005.
In 2003, Alicia was included as one of thirty representative Northern California authors in Jonah Raskin’s book of essays, Natives, Newcomers, Exiles and Fugitives. She created a color-illustrated inspirational book, How To Make Peace.
In May 2006 Alicia released her third CD, What Living’s All About, twelve jazz and blues songs, ten of them original. The CD was an Editor’s Pick in the May 2007 issue of Performing Songwriter Magazine, and received rave reviews from ejazz news (London) and Feminist Review. The opening song, “Floozy Tune,” placed in the Top 20 Finalists in the Jazz Category of the 2007 Unisong International Songwriting Contest, then as 7th place in the International Division of the Indie International Songwriting contest, and then as a Finalist in the 100% Music Songwriting Contest. Radio Free Phoenix featured songs from the CD for five years after its issue.
|Alicia serenades legendary herbalist Juliette de Bairacli-Levy at the New England Womens Herbal Conference, August, 2000.|
Living on the Earth was published in its 4th Edition in 2003 by Gibbs Smith, Publisher and remained in print until 2013. Soshisha Ltd. has been publishing the Japanese edition of Living on the Earth continuously since 1972, and it is still in print as of 2020. Soshisha resumed publishing Being of the Sun in 2008.
In September 2006, Alicia presented her one-woman comedy and original music show “Living on the Earth: The Musical” at the annual meeting of the annual academic conference of the Communal Studies Association. There she attended an early performance of Morningstar, a musical play produced by Nicholas Alva, based on the history of Wheeler Ranch and Morningstar, the two open land communes in Sonoma County, California, for which she had licensed Alva the use of the songs from her album, Music from Living on the Earth, which she written during her stay at Wheeler Ranch (1969 to 1971).
In October 2006, Alicia toured Japan for a month as the guest of Kurkku, an environmental arts organization in Tokyo, performing eight concerts. Fashion designer Aya Noguchi created a line of clothing printed with illustrations from Living on the Earth for her fall 2007 line.
Alicia returned to Japan for a fifteen-concert tour from April 26 to June 19, 2007, which included being the subject of a television documentary produced by Setsuko Miura for her ecologically-focussed TV series, Midori No Kotonoha (“Green Word Leaves”), on Asahi Broadcasting Station.
In 2008, Alicia returned to Japan for a highly successful gallery show of 30 of the original drawings from Living on the Earth, at Kurkku’s Jingumae Lab in Shibuya,Tokyo, and an eleven concert musical tour, from April 10 to June 2, 2008. Aya Noguchi released a second line of clothing featuring illustrations from Being of the Sun, which were displayed along with Alicia’s art at the gallery. A second, successful show of the Living on the Earth drawings at Mirai Garou, a gallery in the Roponggi Hills complex of Tokyo, ran from August 5 to 31, 2008, and a third show ran during May and June 2009 at the Birdo Flugas Gallery in Sendai, Japan.
An architecture book, Spaced Out: Radical Environments of the Psychedelic Sixties by Alastair Gordon, which includes illustrations from Living on the Earth and Being of the Sun, was published by Rizzoli/Random House in 2008.
In November 2008, Alicia did a California concert tour with singer/songwriter Joe Dolce that included a live performance and interview on KPFK radio in Berkeley, and concerts at Studio E in Sebastopol and in San Francisco, in collaboration with stage musical producer Nicholas Alva, with singers from his original musical play Morningstar.
Alicia performing at Yukotopia night club in Tokyo, June 2008
In August 2009 Alicia released her 4th CD, Beyond Living, a collection of Americana/world music songs, which she toured from September 15 to November 5, 2009, in Japan, with a series of eleven live performances plus her fourth gallery show of the Living on the Earth drawings, this time at Gallery Speak For, in the Daikanyama Fashion District of Tokyo. Her fifth gallery show of Living on the Earth drawings was at Cafe Unizon in Ginowan, Okinawa from October 6 to November 3, 2010. Radio Free Phoenix began featuring songs from Beyond Living in January 2010.
In 2009, organic fiber, fair trade fashion designer Kaoriko Ago Wada began licensing and printing Alicia’s illustrations on clothing made by her company Little Eagle. In 2010, Alicia began performing her songs (and modeling clothing with her drawings on them) at some of the Little Eagle fashion exhibitions in Japan.
In autumn and winter 2009-2010, Alicia created drawings for acclaimed Japanese novelist Banana Yoshimoto’s novel Another World. She also made a set of drawings for the promotional pamphlet for Lee Jeans Japan’s organic cotton women’s jeans line in collaboration with Pre Organic Cotton, a new set of drawings for Aya Noguchi’s summer 2010 fashion line, illustrations for pop singer/poet Yuki‘s 2010 tour merchandise, and illustrations for the Artist Power Bank Music Festival merchandise (for the second year in a row).
All four of Alicia’s music CDs were re-released by Tokyo-based distributor, Real Music, on July 20, 2010. Alicia performed 12 concerts in Japan between September 21 and November 9, 2010 in support of the re-release of the CDs, including one at a gallery show of her drawings at Cafe Unizon in Ginowan, Okinawa, and three at Gallery Le Deco, in the Shibuya fashion district of Tokyo, at an exhibition of fashion designer Kaorico Ago’s new clothing lines, including a line of clothes printed with illustrations from Living on the Earth.
Her 5′ x 8′ patchwork wall-hanging, made between 1967 and 1974, was chosen by the curator of the San Jose Museum of Quilts and Textiles for a special exhibition at the historic Mills Building in San Francisco from October 15, 2010 to January 15, 2011.
In 2011, Alicia created illustrations for two pairs of shoes made by Birkenstock Japan (Tatami Shoes), as well as her third consecutive year of festival towel and t-shirt illustrations for the Artist Power Bank Music Festival. She also donated illustrations to print on items sold to raise money for the victims of the March 11, 2011 earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster.
Alicia toured again in Japan May through July 2012. The tour included a series of concerts at fashion exhibitions for Little Eagle, a fashion company specializing in natural fiber clothes, handmade at a Fair Trade factory in India. Little Eagle licenses illustrations from Alicia’s book, Living on the Earth, to print on some of the clothes. Alicia also lead two art workshops. She created two more pairs of illustrated shoes for Birkenstock Japan, her fourth set of illustrated festival towel and t-shirt designs for Artist Power Bank, her first set of illustrated merchandise for Urban Research/Doors, a chain of stores offering eco-minded products in Japan, and her first set of illustrated packaging for Rainbow Caravan Organic Bakery. From 2012 to 2014, Alicia created created a series of illustrated articles for Murmur Magazine, a fashion and lifestyle journal for environmentalist women in Japan. Aya Noguchi created a new fashion line illustrated with drawings from Being of the Sun.
In 2012, Living on the Earth was chosen as one of the 101 most influential American cookbooks of the 20th century by a panel of food experts chosen by the Fales Library at New York University, which contains the largest collection on books about food in the USA. 101 Classic Cookbooks, 501 Classic Recipes, containing both illustrated pages and recipes from Living on the Earth, was published in the same year by Rizzoli/Random House.
Alicia’s 2013 Japan tour ran from early June through early August, and included 25 musical performances, 16 of them at Little Eagle fashion exhibitions, plus a gallery show of framed original drawings from Living on the Earth at Gallery Speak For in Daikanyama, Tokyo, and two art in nature workshops.
In 2013, Alicia simultaneously released two CDs (her 5th and 6th), Songs from Being of the Sun: 1973 Archival Recordings of Ramón Sender Barayón and Alicia Bay Laurel Performing Songs and Chants from their DIY Spirituality and Music Book, and Living with Young Eyes: My First 25 Years as a Series of Solo Guitar Medleys, an entirely instrumental album of songs Alicia learned and loved between the ages of six and twenty-five.
In June 2014, Alicia released her 7th CD, More Songs From Living on the Earth. She continued to write and illustrate articles for Murmur Magazine, a Japanese quarterly journal appealing to women with an environmentalist perspective, and continued to do illustration projects and license existing illustrations to eco-minded businesses in Japan, including organic towels for Urban Research/Doors, and packaging for raw organic chocolates by Cacao Magic. EM Records re-released Alicia’s first CD, Music From Living on the Earth, as a vinyl long play record in 2015. Alicia also illustrated the book Welcome to the World by Yuko Hirose (Mille Books). Keibo Oiwa, a cultural anthropologist, bestselling author, environmental activist and public speaker who teaches at Meiji Gakuin University in Yokohama, licenced Alicia Bay Laurel’s song “Sometimes It Takes a Long Time” for the soundtrack of his documentary film, Embracing the Seed of Life, about the life and work of Indian scholar, environmental activist and anti-globalization author Vandana Shiva.
From May 27 to August 11, 2015, Alicia toured in Japan, doing 23 concerts (15 of them in collaboration with Little Eagle), 2 book events and 3 art workshops, and having shows of her framed artwork. At one concert she performed a song with Ikue Asazaki, a great traditional Japanese singer from Amami Oshima. Alicia’s song Ukulele Hula was choreographed by kumu hula Miho Ogura of Moa’e Kala Hula Studio, and was presented by Miho and her halau hula at two events. At the final event of the tour, Alicia was the featured performer at a peace ceremony and concert organized by the Little Eagle fashion company at at historic Nagaregawa Church, at ground zero in Hiroshima, on August 8th, one of the two days between the 70th memorials of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Alicia performing at the peace concert in Hiroshima, August 8, 2015.
Click here to see a video of Alicia performing at the peace concert in Hiroshima with vocalist/multi-instrumentalist Takuji.
In 2015, Aya Noguchi’s Salon de Balcony spring/summer fashion line printed with Alicia’s illustrations from Being of the Sun was featured in Japan Vogue online. In 2016, Alicia’s illustrated cover of her book, Living on the Earth, was included in the catalog for a show at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London titled You Say You Want A Revolution: Records and Rebels 1966-1970. Alicia also created illustrations for Orie Ishii’s cookbook Rainbow Sweets, and for the packaging of Good Earth Sandals, a neutral-heeled earthing sandal produced in Hawaii. Also, illustrations from Living on the Earth were licensed for two new books: Whole Earth Field Guide by Caroline Maniaque, and Sustainable Fashion: What’s Next? by Janet Hethorn and Connie Ulasewicz.
Alicia did her ninth concert tour in Japan in September and October 2016, including a peace concert at the Okinawa Peace Hall. She created a logo drawing for the 25th anniversary of fair trade, sustainably made clothing and craft importer People Tree. Two of her paintings were licensed to appear with an interview with her in Beach Life Magazine (Tokyo).
She also performed her original one-woman comedy storytelling and original music performance “Living on the Earth: The Musical” at Beyond Baroque Literary Arts Center in Venice, California, at the Arlene Francis Center for Spirit, Art and Politics in Santa Rosa, California (featuring two duets with Ramón Sender Barayón, and a an opening set by singers from Nicholas Alva‘s musical play Morningstar), and as a house concert in Sedona, Arizona (featuring duets with guitarist Mark Hewins).
May, 2016, saw the publication of Lost on Hope Island, by Patricia Harman, the first novel in which the book Living on the Earth played a part in the plot.
In 2016-2017, Alicia’s book Living on the Earth was displayed in, and sold at, three museum shows focussed on different aspects of the hippie era:
You Say You Want a Revolution: Records and Rebels 1966-1970
Victoria & Albert Museum, London
BAMPFA (Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive at UC Berkeley)
The Hippies (history and memorabilia from the open land communes of Sonoma County in the late 1960s and early 1970s) at Sonoma County Historical Society’s West County Museum in Sebastopol CA
February 13, 2017: Alicia Bay Laurel at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, where a copy of her book is part of the exhibition “You Say You Want a Revolution: Records and Rebels 1966-1970.”
Alicia’s tenth Japan concert tour, which included 14 concerts (plus singing at the wedding of filmmakers Patrick Lydon and Suhee Kang, in Seoul, Korea) occured in September and October of 2017. In April 2017, Alicia signed a contract with Kachina Ediciones for the publication of Juan Antonio Martinez Sarrion’s handlettered Spanish translation of Living on the Earth (Viviendo en la Tierra), which was released at the end of October 2017. She performed a concert at a book release party at Libreria Nemo, Juan Antonio Martinez Sarrion’s bookstore in Albacete, Spain, on November 25, 2017. In January 2017, filmmaker SJ Chiro licensed Alicia’s song Goodbye 1974 to play under the credits at the end of her film Lane 1974.
Alicia’s drawings continue to be licensed to print on clothing designed by Kaoriko Ago Wada for her organic fiber, fair-trade fashion company, Little Eagle. Alicia co-designed a set of t-shirts illustrated with pages from Being of the Sun for the DHC clothing company (Tokyo), and created a set of illustrations for oracle cards, labels and logo for Cremoir Floral Essence’s healing salon in Shibuya, Tokyo, as well as the logo, stationery, signage, and advertising for Good Earth Sandals, of Hilo, Hawaii.
Alicia performing at the Tenderete Graphic Arts Festival in Valencia, España, June 8, 2018.
In 2018, Alicia again illustrated merchandise for the Artist Power Bank rock festival in Japan. She performed two concerts in Spain to help promote the Spanish translation of Living on the Earth (Viviendo en la Tierra), including at the Tenderete Graphic Arts festival in Valencia on June 8, and at La Feria Ecologica de Albacete on June 9th.
Her eleventh concert tour in Japan (August and September 2018), included “Alicia Bay Laurel: Dancing With Nature,” a one-woman, multi-decade art exhibition at the Sison Gallery in Daikanyama, Shibuya, Tokyo, from September 1 through 20, 2018, which opened with a performance that was filmed for
October 29, 2018 was the release of Spanish filmmaker Luis Olano’s documentary film about Ramón Sender Barayón, A Trip into the Light (Un Viaje Hacia la Luz), which includes two of Alicia’s original songs in the soundtrack, illustrations from her books, and footage of Alicia and Ramón performing his sacred chant, “Only Thou.”
Alicia performed two concerts in Spain in June 2019, one at Molar, a book and record store in Madrid, and a garden concert at a private home near Albacete.
Alicia Bay Laurel performing chants from Being of the Sun with her zither near Albacete, Castilla-La Mancha, España, June 23, 2019
Her twelfth Japan concert tour took place during late August, September and October, 2019, and included sixteen musical performances, many of which were collaborations with dance performances, six framed works in one group art exhibition and four works in another, and two art workshops.
In 2020, Alicia worked on the preparation of her vintage books for re-publication, improving her skills in digital design by making new layouts for her books with coaching from digital designer Karen Tsugawa. They also collaborated on making a video celebrating the newest publication of Living on the Earth.
A Los Angeles-based fashion company, Band of Gypsies, licensed three of Alicia’s illustrations to print on clothing. Gibbs Smith, Publisher, licensed Alicia’s drawing of the Shinto sun goddess, Amaterasu, for the cover of Finding Mother God, a book of poetry by Carol Lynn Pearson, about her search for the Feminine Divine. Eco-feminist Seico Shinohara commissioned an illustration for the packaging of a kit she has prepared for women and girls to sew their own re-usable cotton sanitary napkins. Alicia licensed two of the illustrations she had created for the 1973 book Home Comfort (a collaborative work by the Packer Corners commune members) to the Italian publisher Mondadori for a novel, Fuga Dalla Famiglia, by Paul Ginsborg.
In 2020, Nicholas Alva, the producer of the musical play Morningstar, released a four-hour long audiobook version of the play, which includes six songs that Alicia wrote, and six songs she co-wrote with Ramón Sender Barayón. It’s available on Bandcamp.
2020 and 2021 is the 50th anniversary of the first two publications of Living on the Earth, and Echo Point Books & Media, in Brattleboro, Vermont, will be releasing a celebratory 5th English language edition in February 2021. Pre-orders are available here. Echo Point Books & Media will also release the first English language edition of Being of the Sun since the 1973 Harper & Row first edition, likely in the spring of 2021.
Jiguhada, a publisher in Seoul, South Korea, will be releasing the second Korean edition of Living on the Earth in 2021. The Creomoir Salon in Shibuya, Tokyo commissioned two illustrations from Alicia for their upcoming programs.